In view of the repeated terrorist attacks in the European Union and notably in the French Republic, it is essential to analyse a new not only threats but also methods and means used to combat terrorism. This is indispensable for increasing the security level and minimising the risk of further attacks. Moreover, the EU member states are obliged to cooperate at the international level in order to simultaneously improve national legislation. At present, a need to strengthen the anti-terrorism system in the European Union is firmly supported by Paris and Vienna.
The analysis of the experience, methods and activities of the French Republic and Austria in the fight against terrorism is important for the development of systems of combating terrorist threats in other countries due to the need to constantly improving methods of counteracting terrorism. Moreover, the improvement of security in other European countries is a determinant increasing the international sense of stability and balance, which is crucial for all EU Member States.
The European Union oversees a number of initiatives aimed at coordinating national anti-terrorist strategies in the Member States. Therefore, it is important to identify common internal and external terrorist threats and create national legislation, and then adapt it to the requirements and needs of the European community. What is also important, the proposed solutions should be consistent at the level of multilateral cooperation in order to effectively counteract emerging terrorist threats throughout the European Union. The Member States must, on their own responsibility, organise mutual cooperation between relevant services or institutions responsible for ensuring national and international security. Policy processes in the EU tend to be more effective when two or more member states to lead the way on certain issues. France and Austria could take the lead on counter-terrorism affairs, given the recent attacks and experience with counter-terrorism measures.
About the Authors:
Leyla Daskin – is a security policy analyst at the Austrian National Defence Academy. She studied at the French Institut d’Etudes Politiques and the University of Vienna and holds a master’s degree in Terrorism Studies and Political Violence from the University of St Andrews.
Aleksander Olech – Director of the European Security Programme at the Institute of New Europe. He gained research experience at the Université Jean Moulin III in Lyon, the Institute of International Relations in Prague, and the Institute of Peace Support and Conflict Management in Vienna.
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