THE REPORT IS AVAILABLE IN 4 LANGUAGES: Polish, English, Russian and Ukrainian.
РАПОРТ ДОСТУПЕН В 4 ЯЗЫКОВЫХ ВЕРСИЯХ: польской, английской, русской и украинской.
РАПОРТ ТАКОЖ ДОСТУПНИЙ НА 4 МОВАХ: польській, англійській, російській та українській:
Information about the Lublin Triangle, which was established on July 28, 2020 by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania, Poland and Ukraine, was not the main subject of consideration in the global media, leading think tanks did not lay out the possible changes in the security environment, and independent experts did not herald that it would be an initiative comparable, for instance, to the Visegrad Group. Nevertheless, the Lublin Triangle may be of a particular importance if its complementary political, economic and military potential is used, even as an eastern shield for NATO and the EU. It is also a chance for the three founders to initiate their own projects on the international arena, having the support of two other states already at the beginning. In view of the above, it seems reasonable to verify how the trilateral agreement is approached by journalists and experts in the countries for which the joining of forces of the three actors is important. In the course of this study, the media discourse in Poland, Lithuania, and Ukraine, member states of the trilateral agreement, Russia and Belarus, which are not members of the alliance but have a strong influence on the situation in the Central and Eastern Europe region, and Kazakhstan, which is pursuing a two-track policy, on the one hand opposing the Russian Federation and moving closer to the EU, and on the other maintaining pro-Kremlin rhetoric, was taken into account. It was adopted that the most appropriate form would be to examine the narrative on the Lublin Triangle by pro-state media (including national media), leading think tanks, which are organizational state entities, and non-governmental institutions supporting the current authorities in these countries.
Information made available in the public sphere has a different format, character and very often contains an emotional charge, imposed by the author, who at the beginning defines the described news as positive or negative. It is related to the whole structure of the presented text, from the title, through the main thesis, to the photographs. Many providers of publicly accessible studies fall into this trap because they wish to gather interest in their content to the greatest extent possible and they want to entice the reader to their material only, and thus they report either in a very aggressive and uncompromising way, or they choose a completely different direction, entirely pro-state, giving an uncritical and flattering commentary. Therefore, by deciding on one information provider, the recipient closes oneself to other services, portraying certain events in a completely different light. Simultaneously, a symptomatic element of the modern world of information is the dilemma of choosing sources, as thousands of websites are available and it is difficult to verify what is true and what is false. Moreover, many newspapers, television stations, think tanks, and NGOs create their own image of particular events, conveying to the recipient a deformed vision of reality and, moreover, interjecting considerations that distort the original character of the news. Such a perspective results in the fact that, in order to receive a specific dose of reliable articles, it is necessary to diversify sources – by also reading portals with which theses one may disagree with. Preferably, if these are different information transmitters (including foreign ones), which will enable a multifaceted analysis of the event and a look at the problem from different angles, one would take into account contrasting arguments.
Nowadays, the European media space is dominated by media coverage from the United States, Great Britain, France and Germany. The content prepared in Central and Eastern Europe is not treated equally to that from the West and, in particular, cooperation within the European Union with information relays from Russia, Ukraine and even Poland is approached with a great deal of caution. Therefore, a dissonance appears in the form of gaining knowledge on topics strictly related to a particular region or event. Undoubtedly, the organization of the Lublin Triangle, involving Warsaw, Vilnius and Kiev, is a project of particular importance for the region of Central and Eastern Europe. For this reason, opinions of the media and experts from countries which have been influencing each other for decades may prove to be a valuable source of knowledge. Providing a multifaceted and multiregional view of the trilateral initiative, especially in the era of disinformation, is a chance to define the actual approach to the formed alliance by the state media included in the inquiry. Moreover, it enables the determination of the sentiments in the international environment towards Poland and its foreign policy. It should be emphasised that each individual analysis of news from different services (e.g. French, Polish and Russian) would provide different conclusions and assessments. Therefore, it was crucial to present different assessments of an international initiative which may have a significant impact on the cooperation between Poland, Lithuania and Ukraine. Multidirectional analysis of the Lublin Triangle concept is intended to serve the public, which deserves to receive content as close to the truth as possible. Moreover, it is an attempt to combat disinformation and international tensions, as states accuse each other of disseminating false information.
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